The Colville Indian Reservation is the homeland of estimated 7692 residents in north central Washington. Covering 1.4 million acres or almost 2,100 square miles, the diverse landscape of the area provides numerous opportunities for socioeconomic development. Lakes and streams offer outdoors-recreational pursuits for both the visitors and the residents of the Reservation. The Tribe intends to preserve the land and traditions of the Indian People. At the same time, self-sufficiency and sovereignty will be advocated as the Tribe utilizes the many resources available to improve the Reservation.
The Colville Indian Reservation is located in the north central section of Washington State. It is bounded on the east and south by the Columbia River, on the west by the Okanogan River and on the north by the line between Township 34 & 35 north of the Willamette base line. The elevation of the reservation lands generally increase from south to north and from west to east. Elevations range from 790 feet at the mouth of the Okanogan River to 6,774 feet at the summit of Moses Mountain. Average elevation is above 3,000 feet.
Current land use on the Reservation includes residential areas, irrigated and dry lands farming, livestock range areas, commercial forests, recreational areas, and mining areas. The major land use categories are summarized as follows:
Residential 1,195 acres 0.1%
Agriculture 82,066 acres 5.8%
Open Rangeland 287,825 acres 20.7%
Forested Rangeland 135,105 acres 9.7%
Forest 878,402 acres 63.1%
Surface Water 7,672 acres 0.5%
Total 1,392,265 acres 100.0%
Reflecting the Tribes abundant resources, which represents the bulk of Tribal revenues, the Forest-type category of land classification total almost two-thirds of the Reservation land area. Open Rangeland and Forested Rangeland account for almost one-third of Reservation lands with Residential, Agricultural, and Surface Water comprising the remainder. The diverse types of land may serve to broaden the Tribes economic base by offering economic development alternatives for the Reservation.