CCT emergency planning efforts include the following:
- The Hazard Identification and Vulnerability Assessment (HIVA), which other emergency planning authorities sometimes refer to as a “threat assessment.” This document identifies situations, potential threats, and vulnerabilities which could affect the Confederated Colville Tribes’ (CCT) peoples, property, infrastructure, economic viability, and natural resources. The requirement for a HIVA has been replaced by a newer FEMA standard, known as a “Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment,” or THIRA. When the HIVA is updated from the 2012 edition, it will be replaced with a THIRA.
- The Colville Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan (CCEMP), which is the foundation of CCT emergency planning and response. In accordance with the nationwide system of emergency planning and response, Part VII is organized by the fifteen numbered Emergency Support Functions (ESFs). For example, ESF 13 addresses emergency law enforcement and public safety support.
- Operational plans, which are an annex to the CCEMP and consist of two parts:
- Immediate response plans, written so that a police dispatcher, management official, or emergency management organization can initiate a pre-planned response to common or reasonably foreseeable emergencies. These address such incidents as severe winter storms, evacuations due to wildland fires, flooding, volcanic events, etc.
- Single-function emergency plans, drafted by individual departments and units to address their specific planning needs. An example is Tribal Corrections, which needs corrections-specific plans for such contingencies as hostage situations, fire evacuations, and prisoner escapes. Some emergency plans (such as the Corrections example) must remain confidential for security reasons and cannot be distributed outside of the CCT’s Office of Public Safety, but are incorporated herein by reference.
- Continuity of Operations Plans (COOPs), which address how various units of the Tribal government will safeguard their staff, infrastructure, and records and continue to operate after an emergency event. COOPs are not specifically written for widespread disasters or emergencies; they anticipate such incidents as a fire destroying the structure(s) from which they operate.
- A Hazard Mitigation Plan (HMP). This is an in-depth review of the hazards identified during the HIVA and/or THIRA, along with a plan to mitigate the impact of those hazards. The HMP identifies specific needs that can only be addressed through grant funding. An approved HMP is a requirement for many of the mitigation grants that are available through FEMA. It is the final planning document in the cycle, to be prepared after the HIVA and CCEMP are in place.
Chris McCauen | Emergency Management Services (EMS) | (509) 634-2446 | firstname.lastname@example.org
Emergency Management PDF